Kisan Kanya was a Hindi Cinecolor feature film directed by Moti Gidwani and produced by Imperial Pictures’ Ardeshir Irani in 1937. The fact that it was India’s first indigenously produced color film has left a mark on the Indian public. Ardeshir Irani, who had previously produced significant films such as Nala Damayanti (1920), India’s first foreign co-production (with Italy), and Alam Ara (1931), India’s first talkie, developed the concept of making a color film. The color film Kisan Kanya was the fruit of his efforts, and it was shot using the Cinecolor technique, which Irani had obtained from an American business.
V. Shantaram had previously produced the Marathi film Sairandhri (1933), which had color scenes. The film, on the other hand, was processed and printed in Germany. As a result, Kisan Kanya is considered India’s first color film. Kisan Kanya was based on a novel by Saadat Hasan Manto and was about poor farmers’ plight.
Padma Devi plays Bansri, Ghulam Mohammed essayed Randheer, Nissar plays Ramu, Syed Ahmed portrayed Muneem, and Gani Gani plays the Zamindar (landlord) featured in the first color film. The film received a poor response at the box office. Indian cinema began to embrace color films in the mid-1950s.