The first color film made in India was not Alam Ara, which was released in 1931 and was also India’s first talkie picture. Kisan Kanya was the title of the first color film, which was released in 1937.
In 1937, Imperial Pictures’ Ardeshir Irani produced Kisan Kanya, a Hindi Cinecolor feature film directed by Moti Gidwani and produced by Moti Gidwani. It is a popular memory among Indians because it was India’s first indigenously produced color film.
Ardeshir Irani devised the concept for a color picture after producing notable films such as Nala Damayanti (1920), India’s first international co-production (with Italy), and India’s first talkie Alam Ara (1931). Irani bought the Cinecolor method from an American company and used it to make the color film Kisan Kanya.
The film received a dismal response at the box office. Kisan Kanya was based on a novel by Saadat Hasan Manto and was about impoverished farmers. Padma Devi plays Bansri, Jilloo plays Ramdai, Ghulam Mohammed plays Randheer, Nissar plays Ramu, Syed Ahmed plays Muneem, and Gani Gani plays the Zamindar (landlord) in the first color film.
Although Kisan Kanya is considered to be India’s first color film, it did not bring in the era of color in Indian cinema. The film Kisan Kanya was shot in Cinecolor. Indian cinema began to embrace color in the mid-1950s.